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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2009 ) > List of Articles


Anatomical Analysis of the Frontal Recess Cells in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery-An Indian Perspective

AK Agarwal, JC Passey, JM Kaul

Keywords : Frontal recess,frontal recess cells,FESS,agger nasi cells,supraorbital ethmoidal cells,intersinus septal cell

Citation Information : Agarwal A, Passey J, Kaul J. Anatomical Analysis of the Frontal Recess Cells in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery-An Indian Perspective. Clin Rhinol An Int J 2009; 2 (3):15-20.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10013-1004

Published Online: 01-12-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; The Author(s).


Surgery of the frontal sinus has gone a full circle from intranasal procedures to destructive and disfiguring external operations and now back to intranasal procedures but with endoscopes. Endoscopic surgery of the frontal sinus has always been a challenging experience because of the narrowness of the area, poor visibility, variable anatomy and encroachment by accessory cells such as agger nasi, frontal, intersinus septal cells on the drainage pathway. With the developments in optical aids such as endoscopes, which provide an angled view, better and brighter illumination, sophistication in the designs of instrumentation and development of imaging techniques, a renewed interest has been created in this area, but the knowledge of anatomy of this area is poor and does not meet the demands of the present day endoscopic surgeon. Moreover, no studies are available on Indian subjects.

Our main interest in the present study was to study the various air cells which encroach the area of frontal recess and would need surgical removal to provide a good drainage and ventilation.

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