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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2-3 ( May-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

An Association of Absolute Eosinophil Count, Serum Immunoglobulin E, and Spirometry with Comorbid Bronchial Asthma in the Patients of Allergic Rhinitis

Davis T Pulimoottil, Neelima Vijayan, Nirmal C Venkataramanujam, Padmanabhan Karthikeyan, Ramiya R Kaipuzha

Keywords : Allergic rhinitis, Bronchial asthma, Comorbid, Nasal polyps, Spirometry

Citation Information : Pulimoottil DT, Vijayan N, Venkataramanujam NC, Karthikeyan P, Kaipuzha RR. An Association of Absolute Eosinophil Count, Serum Immunoglobulin E, and Spirometry with Comorbid Bronchial Asthma in the Patients of Allergic Rhinitis. Clin Rhinol An Int J 2018; 11 (2-3):33-35.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10013-1343

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 24-09-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to analyze the association of absolute eosinophil count, serum IgE, and spirometry with comorbid bronchial asthma in patients of allergic rhinitis. Materials and methods: This study involved 50 patients with signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis who underwent clinical examination and various tests including spirometry and were followed up regularly. Patients found to have bronchial asthma or nasal polyposis were treated accordingly. Results: The study found the prevalence of bronchial asthma in patients with allergic rhinitis to be 58% and that the severity of bronchial asthma reduced significantly with less acute attacks and reduced hospitalizations with the effective treatment of allergic rhinitis (p = 0.064). Conclusion: This study showed that elevated AEC and serum IgE were significantly associated with coexisting allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma and increased the chance of coexistence of the same. Spirometry is a useful tool for observing the response to treatment. Clinical significance: The findings of this study reinforce the unified airway concept and should therefore propel ENT clinicians to diagnose and tackle early bronchial asthma in patients of allergic rhinitis, thus reducing the overall morbidity.


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